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Epic Lies 

Adapted for the screen by Christopher Hampton from Booker-winner Ian McEwan's masterpiece novel, director Joe Wright's Atonement is a story about the telling of stories. We hear the clacking of typewriter keys as the title credits snap into place one letter at a time. Throughout the narrative, particularly at scene changes, we hear key striking page, one letter, two, a word's worth in rhythm, until the tap of metal on paper is the percussion for a symphony of human interaction. The story that Atonement tells is a sad one, set against a sad time. It begins in 1935 with a mistake created by ignorance and fueled by foolish pride and stubborn selfishness. Briony Tallis (played at age 13 by Saoirse Ronan, later by Romola Garai and Vanessa Redgrave) is a precocious pubescent, the youngest child in a landed, wealthy family of vast privilege. Briony aspires to be a writer, and we are to understand that she is a talented teller of tales. Unfortunately, as this picture makes explicit, the blessings of talent are by no means necessarily married to virtue. So it is that something detestable and tragic results one summer evening when Briony witnesses two events she doesn't understand and a third to which she responds with a horrible invention.

Briony accidentally spies her older sister Celia (Keira Knightley) making love to the housekeeper's son, Robbie Turner (James McAvoy) in the family library " their passion erupting, appropriately, in a room full of words. Briony, who has had a crush on Robbie, concludes that he is a 'sex maniac" and has attacked her sister. So later, when Briony's cousin Lola (Juno Temple) really is violated, Briony tells authorities that she has seen Robbie commit the rape. Robbie and Celia vigorously protest his innocence, and suspicion is directed toward other characters, but Briony's testimony proves unshakeable, and Robbie is imprisoned for four years and released only to serve with the British Army in World War II prior to and during its desperate retreat to Dunkirk.

In part, Atonement addresses the attendant prejudice of the British class system. Robbie is Oxford educated and on his way to medical school when Briony accuses him, and the picture leaves little doubt that a child's word would have counted rather less against a young man judged Celia's social equal. Though the novel is at greater pains than the movie in this regard, the gardener's son is a suspect for reasons of class alone.

Faithfully following the structure of McEwan's book, Atonement is also determined to provide some historical qualification to 'the good war" and 'greatest generation" shorthand that has become so popular in recent years. The filmmakers aren't concerned with the larger questions of whether World War II had to be fought, but they are interested in exploding those myths that have bloomed to suggest that all actions by the allies were heroic and all decisions by allied leadership wise. Though several hundred thousand soldiers were finally evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk, Atonement demands that we see this critical event not as a triumph but as a disaster that can be celebrated only for having avoided being even worse. The British were reduced to destroying their own weaponry and transport (including untold numbers of horses) so that they would not fall into the hands of the enemy. Moreover, indecisive leadership proved almost critically indifferent to the welfare of its own men. The scenes at Dunkirk here depict a hell on earth, something that will evoke a surreal nightmare as if out of Dante's Inferno.

Ultimately, though, Atonement is a reflection on the power of artistic rendition, the power of the artist to make the world a better place. As Briony grows up, she realizes the horror she has done and in several ways tries to use her power over words to atone for the grievous sin of her youth. But the real world does not submit as easily as the fictional to an artist's rewrite. Upon reflection, a novelist or screenwriter may decide to solve a mystery another way as opposed to the one first attempted or may opt not to kill a character after all. Or the author might choose to afford forgiveness to someone, in contrast to the human world where divine forgiveness rather than that of our fellows is the best we might hope for. For in the real world, once words are spoken, they cannot be sucked back into silence. And however much we wish they might, events will yield to no eradicating fluid once they have been written in the indelible ink of time.

click to enlarge Celia (Keira Knightley) and Robbie (James McAvoy) are torn apart by a false accusation in Atonement. - 2007 FOCUS FEATURES
  • 2007 Focus Features
  • Celia (Keira Knightley) and Robbie (James McAvoy) are torn apart by a false accusation in Atonement.


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